Engineering :: Building Construction

1.  The lowest part of a structure which transmits the load to the soil is known as
A. Super-structure B. Plinth
C. Foundation D. Basement

2.  The foundation in a building is provided to
A. distribute the load over a large area B. increase overall stability of the structure
C. transmit load to the bearing surface (sub soil) at a uniform rate D. all of the above

3.  The failure of foundation of a building is due to
A. withdrawl of subsoil moisture B. unequal settlement of soil
C. lateral escape of the supporting material D. all of these

4.  The ability of sub-soil to support the load of the structure without yielding is known as
A. bearing value of soil B. bearing power of soil
C. bearing capacity of soil D. any one of these

5.  The minimum load which will cause failure of a foundation is called
A. ultimate tensile strength B. nominal strength
C. ultimate bearing power D. ultimate compressive strength

6.  The bearing capacity of soils can be improved by
A. increasing the depth of footing B. draining the sub-soil water
C. ramming the granular material like crushed stone in the soil D. all of the above

7.  The maximum bearing capacity of soil is that of
A. hard rocks B. black cotton soil
C. dry, coarse sandy soil D. fine sandy soil

8.  When the foundation is placed immediately beneath the lowest part of the super-structure, it is called
A. deep B. shallow

9.  The depth of the concrete bed placed at the bottom of a wall footing should never be less than its projection beyond the wall base.
A. Agree B. Disagree

10.  When the walls are subjected to heavy loading and the bearing capacity of the soil is very low, then the wall is constructed on
A. reinforced concrete footing B. column footing
C. lean concrete footing D. none of these

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