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Verbal and Reasoning :: Logical Reasoning


1.  Dieticians in Pakistan claim that treatment of those people who seek help to quit the habit of over eating are unable to stop overeating. Therefore dieticians have concluded that success in breaking such habit is rate. A large-scale survey shows that thousands of people have quit the habit of overeating. If both of the statements above are correct an explanation that resolves their apparent contradiction is
A. Dieticians do not work seriously so the people are not satisfied with their treatment B. The survey was conducted at only the posh areas of big cities so it is based on wrong sample
C. Will power play vital role in success to quite such habits D. People need more food for todays hectic l

2.  The Rawalpindi city council started a publicity campaign for convincing the people to use public transport rather than their own transport in the city. After two months later there was a decrease in private transport on the roads in the mid city area. The city council claimed that their publicity campaign was successful to convince people to leave their cars at home and ride the city bus service to work. Which of the following if true creates the most serious doubt on the conclusion drawn above?
A. There was a subsequent increase in the use of CNG. B. The busiest roads of the city have been damaged because of continual floods in Nala Leyee for last five months
C. People are busy enough to bring their vehicles on the roads D. City council expended a lot of money to make the campaign successful

3.  Dr. Subhans Extensive clinical trials of the new herbal drug Podine have demonstrated that Podine is effective in slowing the rate of aging in mer. Dr. Talib disagrees and cites a recent study suggesting that Podine is also to chemotherapy or other cancer treatments. Dr. Talibs response suggests that he has interpreted Dr. Subhans statement to mean that
A. Podine is effective only in treating male aging process B. Men in aging process should be treated with Podine
C. Podine should be available to everywhere in the country D. Women rarely suffer faster aging they must not use of a drug like Podine
E. Men are stronger than women they donot need Podine like drug in their youth    

4.  In an examination Rizwana has more marks than the Fauzia. Shugufta has fever marks than the Zahid. Fauzia and Abid have more marks than Shugufta. If the above is true which of the following must also be true?
A. The Fauzia has fewer marks than the Shugufta. B. Rizwana has more points than the Shugufta
C. Fauzia has fewer points than Zahid D. Zahid has more points than the Rizwana
E. Zahid has more points than Abid.    

5.  Many people do not read the books they purchase. For example seventeen percent of college students in Pakistan have text books but only forty-five percent of them read more than once a yea and only seventeen percent read more than once a week. Which of the following if true casts doubt on the claim that most people read the books they purchase?
A. Reading speed is increased by excessive readings. B. Knowledge is improved by regular book reading
C. Many people buy books to pretend themselves as a scholar D. More people buy novels
E. Readers often exaggerate about their book reading    

6.  Asmat Chughtai is considered by many literacy critics to be one of the greatest Indo Pak writers of the 20th century if not of all time. However her sexist attitude posturing have made her less popular than some of her contemporaries among todays readers. If the statements above are true all of the following must also be true EXCEPT.
A. Chughtais more popular contemporaries do not exhibit her sexist attitudes B. Chughtais outdated attitudes are a mojor reason for her relative lack of popularity
C. many modern readers find Chughtais sexist attitudes distasteful D. most of Chughtais contemporaries exhibited the same sexist attitudes
E. most of the general reading public does not agree with the critics estimation of Chughtais work.    

7.  Although we may be exposed to all the various types of music - classical folk jazz rock and country over the course of a lifetime the type of music we loved as adolescents will always be our favorite. Which of the following if true would most seriously weaken the argument above?
A. Some people who are exposed to folk music only late in life learn to enjoy it B. Some people who love rock as adolescents come to prefer classical music later in life.
C. Those who are exposed to jazz only as children never learn to appreciate it. D. Those who enjoy country music as adolescents always favor if over other types ofr music
E. Some people who are exposed to classical music as adolescents never learn to enjoy it    

8.  In his book Black Thief Mr. Kashif claimed that when fellow writer Mr. Salman remarked to him. The rich are different from you and I Mr. Kashif responded by saying Yes they have more money. All of the following conclusions can be reasonably drawn from the above EXCEPT.
A. Mr. Salman believed that there was some fundamental difference between the rich and everyone else. B. Mr. Kashif believed that the difference between those with and without money was simply financial
C. Mr. Kashif had a sardonic sense of humor D. neither of the authors had as yet achieved significant commercial success
E. having at one time been wealthy Mr. Kashif knew first hand that Mr. Salman was wrong in his estimation of the rich.    

9.  Beginning at the end of 1965 war the enormous expenditure on arms that the Cold war forced on both Pakistan and India while having no obvious effect on the quality of life in Pakistn resulted in a considerable decrease in the quality of life in India. This in turn led to general dissatisfaction disappointment in the Indian social system and ultimately the dismantling of Indian government. Which of the following if true most seriously weakens the argument above?
A. Although it was not obvious the arms expenditures of the cold war did affect the quality of life in Pakistan B. The quality of life in India was relatively poor even prior to the end of the war.
C. Overall the quality of life actually improved in Pakistan dueing the years after the conclusion of the war. D. There was widespread political and economic dissatisfaction in India prior to the onset of the war.
E. Dissatisfaction with the quality of life was only one of many factors which contributed to the Indian Peoples disillusionment with their social system.    

10.  The compulsory training for city wagon drivers resulted in a reduction in fatal accident rate over the past two years. Compared to the five-year period prior to the compulsion of the training fatal accident rate decreased by 25 percent. Which one of the following if true most substantially strengthens the argument above?
A. The accident rate of other traffic has remained steady over the past five years. B. Traffic load has increased over the past five years.
C. Government has implemented a speed control campaign last year D. Road conditions in the country are better than has been previously.
E. Accident rate of woman drivers has decreased.    




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